Deep vein thrombosis is a condition when a blood clot forms in the veins in your body. The blood can clot in one or more of the deep veins and cause swelling and pain. Blood clots are referred to as thrombus. Deep vein thrombosis can lead to severe problems as it can block the blood flow in your body and can also lead to pulmonary embolism.
Deep Vein Thrombosis Symptoms
While suffering with deep vein thrombosis, visible symptoms start appearing. The most common symptoms of include:
- Legs gets swollen and in few cases swelling is seen in both legs
- Severe leg pain that starts with cramping and soreness in your calf muscle.
Deep Vein Thrombosis causes
The main cause of deep vein thrombosis is formation of blood clots in the veins that are present deep inside your body, especially in legs. The most common causes are:
- When you are not active for long period of time, it results in reduced blood flow and can lead to formation of clots
- Blood vessels injury can also lead to clot formation in the veins.
- Abnormal clotting problems like any medication or certain other factors that can clot your blood more quickly and easily.
Deep vein thrombosis Risk Factors
Risks of deep vein thrombosis increases with the following factors:
Being above 60 years of age increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis. Deep vein thrombosis occurs at any age, but mostly the risk increases after 60 years of age.
Inherited blood clotting disorder
If you have a family history of blood clotting disorder, you are at increased risk of deep vein thrombosis. The inherited disorder will not lead to complications till it is combined with other chronic diseases.
Prolonged Bed Rest
When you sit or rest for longer time periods, your calf muscles will not contract and does not let the blood circulate properly. Thus prolonged resting can increase the risk of blood clot and eventually leads to deep vein thrombosis.
Any physical injury to the veins can increase the risk of formation of blood clots and can lead to deep vein thrombosis.
During pregnancy the pressure is increased on your veins in the pelvis and legs. Women with inherited blood clotting disorder are at increased risk of deep vein thrombosis.
Being overweight or obese can increase the pressure on your veins in the pelvis region and legs, thus increasing the risk of deep vein thrombosis.
Excessive smoking affects the blood circulation thus, resulting in increased risk of blood clots. Blood clotting in deeper veins can lead to deep vein thrombosis.
Some cancers can increase the substance in your blood that can lead to blood clots. In few rare cases some cancer treatments can also increase the risk of blood clots.
If you are suffering with deep vein thrombosis, you can consult the best vascular surgeon in Hyderabad for treatment. Varicose vein treatment is generally performed by vascular surgeon in Hyderabad. Deep vein thrombosis can be treated by varicose vein procedures and also by varicose vein removal treatment.