Vascular diseases are the conditions affecting the blood vessels in human body. There are various vascular diseases which can cause complications for heart.
Having a vascular disease like atherosclerosis may cause the heart to increase its beating rate.
The hardening of the arteries called as atherosclerosis also lead to increase in the pressure in the heart chambers. The blood requires to contract with more pressure than the resistance pressure offered by the blood vessels. Then only it is possible for the blood to travel from the heart chamber into the blood vessel and circulate through the body.
- Left ventricular hypertrophy:
The heart has to do excessive work against the resistance offered by the peripheral vessels. If the vessels are affected already with arteriosclerosis, the heart will have to push the blood with extras power. To generate this extra power, the muscle of the left ventricle undergoes hypertrophy. It ultimately may lead to left heart failure.
Angina is a condition in which there is severe chest pain, sensation of someone pressing or squeezing the chest. It commonly occurs due to the reduced blood supply to the muscle of the heart. This reduced supply occurs because of the narrowing or obstruction of the coronary arteries. The oxygen supply to the heart muscle gets reduced.
Cardiac arrhythmias are in simple terms, irregular heartbeats. It is caused because of coronary artery problem and clot formation those arteries. The heart rate may increase or decrease. The patient may feel light headed, shortness of breath or may faint. It can also cause severe chest pain.
- Coronary heart disease
The coronary arteries if affected with atherosclerosis, will lead to coronary heart disease. There is plaque formation inside the coronary arteries which leads to narrowing of the arteries. This disease usually develops over a period of time. The symptoms of the disease start getting expressed years later.
- Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
The clots formed in the vessels may travel up to the coronary arteries in the heart and completely stop the blood supply to the muscles of the heart. This results in the death of the part of the heart muscle. It is most commonly known as heart attack.
- Heart failure:
The renal arteries if blocked can cause renal artery disease. There is uncontrolled hypertension as some of the hormones controlling blood pressure normally released from kidneys are no more available leading the blood pressure to shoot up. This can also result in heart failure.
- Cardiac arrest:
The emboli thrown out from the peripheral vessels also may cause blockage of the arteries supplying blood to the heart. It can result in ventricular arrhythmia known as ventricular fibrillation which if not controlled, will lead to cardiac arrest. The main symptom of the condition is patient collapses on the spot. If early intervention is not done, the patient even may lose his/her life.
- Cardiac infections:
The veins carry the blood from the periphery to the heart. if any presence of a peripheral infection gets into the veins, there is a chance for the infection to travel up to the heart and affect the heart muscles and the valves.
Hence, it is very necessary to treat any peripheral condition as soon as symptoms are seen in order to avoid complications to the heart, Consult Dr. Abhilash sandhyala Vascular Surgeon Hyderabad.