How are Varicose Veins Diagnosed?

Do you experience burning or itchy sensation in your legs? You might be suffering from varicose veins! Varicose veins should be treated in its early stages. Else it might lead to serious complications. If you have purple or greenish-blue veins that give you pain, immediate diagnosis is necessary. Read on to know the diagnostic procedures…

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are the visible purple or greenish blue, bulging, surface veins that can be felt under skin. In length they measure one eighth in width, and occur anywhere in the legs from groin to ankle. They develop because of weakness in the vein wall.

Why do you Develop Varicose Veins?

Veins contain one-way valves that ensure the flow of blood to your heart. When your valves fail to function normally, the blood might flow backwards down the veins. When this happens, the blood pools up which makes the veins bigger. Such veins are called varicose veins.

Varicose veins can be quite painful.

Diagnosis of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins should be diagnosed and treated in early stages. Delay in treatment will only add to more problems and make the situation worse. Depending on the degree of symptoms you show, there are various procedures to diagnose varicose veins. The procedures are:

  • Physical Examination
  • Duplex Ultrasound Scan
  • Angiogram


Physical Examination

Generally, doctors diagnose varicose veins solely by physical examination and medical history. When varicose veins can be diagnosed only by the above mentioned parameters, you might not require any further tests.

  • During the physical exam your doctors will observe your affected area. You are likely to be in a standing position during the physical examination. Generally, varicose veins are easy to see. Now, the affected area is mostly legs or hands. The doctor will check your legs for skin color changes; he might feel swelling, tenderness on your legs. They rarely occur on any other part of your body.
  • The medical history might include questions relating to vein problems, serious leg injuries, or leg ulcers you have had in your past.

varicose veins diagnosed

Duplex Ultrasound Scan

You might need to undergo a duplex ultrasound scan to check if the valves in your veins are functioning normally or if you have any blood clots. This is a non-invasive type of test. That is it doesn’t involve injections. Your doctor won’t insert any instrument in your body to carry out the test. You lie on the examination table. Then, a small amount of warm gel is applied on the affected area. During an ultrasound, a technician trained in ultrasound imaging presses a small hand-held device, about the size of a bar soap against the affected area. The transducer transmits images of the veins on your affected area to a monitor. Your doctor will study these images to come to a conclusion.


In rare cases, an angiogram may be needed to further check your veins. During an angiogram, a dye is injected into your legs and X-rays are taken. The dye outlines your veins on X-rays. An angiogram helps your doctor to confirm if you have varicose veins.

In rare cases your doctor might advise you to go for Triplex Ultrasound or Magnetic Resonance Venography.

Hence if you experience any signs of varicose veins then book an appointment withVaricose Veins Specialist in Hyderabad, Dr. Abhilash Sandhyala to get it diagnosed and treated immediately because ignorance can prove to be costly.