Varicocele Causes and Symptoms

A vein abnormality in the scrotum generally results in varicocele. The scrotum is a sac covered with skin that holds your testicles. Scrotum mainly contains the arteries and veins that deliver the blood to your reproductive glands. An enlargement of veins within the scrotum leads to varicocele. These enlarged veins are referred as pampiniform plexus. 
Varicocele usually results in decreased quality and quantity of sperm production. In few cases varicocele may also lead to infertility and shrink your testicles. It is mostly seen in young teenage boys during puberty.
Varicocele can occur on both sides of the scrotum in rare cases. It is commonly found on the left side of the scrotum. The anatomy of both right and left side of the scrotum is different. All varicocele cases do not affect the sperm production.

Varicocele Causes

The exact cause of varicocele is not clear and there are no specific risk factors that can increase the risk of varicocele. The cord that holds up your testicles is referred as spermatic cord. The spermatic cord also comprise of certain veins, arteries and nerves that can support your gland.
In healthy veins present inside the scrotum, certain one-way valves are present that moves the blood from the testicles to the scrotum. The blood is then sent back to the heart. At times the blood does not move through the veins and begins to pool in the veins and cause it to enlarge. These enlarged veins results in testicular varicocele.

Varicocele Symptoms

The visible symptoms help in early and diagnosis and treatment for varicocele. The common symptoms associated with varicocele include:
• A lump in the testicles
• Swelling in the scrotum
• Enlarged, twisted veins in the scrotum that is visible externally.
• Recurring pain in the scrotum

Varicocele Diagnosis

Physical examination is the initial step in diagnosis of varicocele. Your doctor will be able to examine your testicles in standing and lying positions. After the physical examination, a scrotal ultrasound in performed. Scrotal ultrasound helps in measuring the spermatic veins and allows your doctor to get an accurate picture of the condition.
Based on the size of the lumps in your testicles, varicocele is labeled under three categories (1-3). Grade 1 is generally considered for smaller lumps whereas grade 3 is the largest.

Varicocele Treatment

Testicular varicocele treatment is possible through medication and surgeries. In most of the cases, it is not necessary to treat varicocele, you may want to go for treatment in the following conditions:
• When your varicocele causes recurrent pain
• In conditions when it results in testicular atrophy.
• When it causes fertility issues
The common treatment selected for varicocele includes:


Varicocelectomy is a surgical treatment that involves the clamping of the abnormal veins. After clamping, blood flow can be regulated through the abnormal veins to the normal ones.

2.Varicocele embolization

It is a less invasive surgical procedure in which a catheter is inserted into your groin or neck vein. A coil is places in the catheter and in to the varicocele. Placing of this coil helps in blocking the blood from getting to the abnormal veins.
It is recommended to go for an early diagnosis and treatment to avoid any complications in the future. Testicle varicocele treatment in Hyderabad is possible at competitive rates.

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