Varicose veins are the swollen, twisted veins that you can see just under the surface of skin.
Varicose veins can usually occur in legs anywhere from groin to thighs. However, it can also occur on any other part of body.
If the varicose veins are left untreated, it might lead to various complications like Telangiectasias, Varicoceles, Superficial Thrombophlebitis etc.
If you have varicose veins, you might experience burning or itching sensation in your legs. You might also experience skin ulcers or skin discoloration.
Varicose veins appear in bluish-purple or red color.
Failure of the one-way valves to allows blood to flow backwards down the veins and results in overload of pressure. This excess pressure leads to widening of veins because of which they do not close properly. Blood then flows back into the leg along these veins and causes varicose veins.
Generally, your doctor will diagnose for varicose veins by physical examination itself. You might also need an Ultrasound or Angiogram
Varicose veins can be prevented by regular physical exercises like walking etc. You shouldn’t stand or sit for long hours. Wearing lose clothing also helps in preventing varicose veins.
If you suffer from varicose veins the best method to treat it is EVLT. It has a success rate of 98.1% and patients can recover soon. In fact, the patients are encouraged to walk on the same day. The patients can resume their day-to-day activities too. Other methods to cure varicose veins include Stripping, Ambulatory Phlebectomy, Vein Ligation etc.
EVLT IS Endovenous Laser Treatment. It is one of the safest methods to treat varicose veins. EVLT is a minimally invasive procedure in which the blood flow to the faulty vein is sealed and blood is re-directed to the healthy vein.
You should go for EVLT when you have the following problems:
- You have varicose veins.
- You wish to remove ugly and enlarged veins
- You have circulatory problems because of Chronic Venous Insufficiency
- You cannot go for surgery to treat your varicose veins because of other complications.
Your physician will firstly confirm all your weak veins, using a Duplex Ultrasound Scan and will determine the best place to insert the catheter. You will be asked to wear protective glasses because laser is used in this procedure. Your physician will then clean, shave and numb this area with a local anesthetic. Once the area has become numb, a small incision is made and a catheter and a guide-wire are inserted into your skin. The purpose of the guide-wire is to inject more anesthesia liquid. Next, a laser fiber is passed through the catheter until it extends approximately 1 to 2 centimeters from the end, at which point it is secured in place. The laser energy seals the faulty vein and blood flow is re-directed to healthy veins. The entire process takes approximately takes an hour.
EVLT is a minimally invasive procedure that is it requires only small incision, stitches are not present. EVLT has a success rate of 98.1% and it has minimal recovery time; that is the patients are encouraged to walk on the same day and the patient can resume day-to-day activities.
You might have complications like:
- Skin color changes
- Blood clots
- Nerve Damage